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Clinical Trials (1,864 Books)


Clinical trials are conducted to allow safety and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g., drugs, diagnostics, devices, therapy protocols). These trials can take place only after satisfactory information has been gathered on the quality of the non-clinical safety, and Health Authority/Ethics Committee approval is granted in the country where the trial is taking place.

 
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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Georg Kapperud

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Thermotolerant Campylobacter bacteria have been the focus of growing attention during the past decade due to the increasing frequency with which they have been isolated from humans, animals, foods, and water (1-3). The bacteria concerned are now recognized among the most important agents of enteritis in the world. Campylobacter infections are a frequent cause of morbidity both in developed and developing countries, and represent a considerable drain on ec...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: A. W. Smith, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

PART 1. SURVEY METHODS I PURPOSE OF THE WHO EAR AND HEARING DISORDERS SURVEY PROTOCOL There is a considerable scarcity of reliable, standardised, population-based data on the prevalence and causes of deafness and hearing impairment in developing countries. This protocol describes a method using a standardised survey form and coding instructions to enable countries to carry out prevalence and causes surveys of deafness and hearing impairment, and of ear diseases.

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Tools for Assessing Corruption and Integrity in Institutions

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: To better address the development challenges posed by corruption, USAID?s Anticorruption Strategy (2005a) calls for a more strategic use of existing resources. More specifically, it calls for -- Mainstreaming anticorruption efforts, encouraging Missions an ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 92415944...

By: Deborah Kioy, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

This document is the revised version of the draft handbook Quality standards in basic biomedical research (TDR/PRD/QSBR/01.1), published in 2001. The draft handbook was based on the deliberations of a specialized scientific working group (SWG) convened by the UNDP/World Bank/World Health Organization Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR).1 The SWG, composed of independent scientific experts, met in Geneva 4-6 September 2000 to discuss var...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Federal Prote...

By: Erin D. Williams

Summary: The Common Rule (45 CFR 46, Subpart A) governs research that is conducted on human beings if it is funded by one of 18 federal agencies. It requires a review of proposed research by an Institutional Review Board (IRB), the informed consent of research subjects, and institutional assurances of compliance with the regulations. In 1974, 45 CFR 46 was published following some cases of harm to human subjects, such as those caused by thalidomide drug trials and the Un...

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